QUICK REFERENCE PLANTING GUIDE
1. Light/Sun Exposure - Full sun to shade.
2. USDA Hardiness Zones - An annual that is not winter hardy and will die off at the end of the season.
3. Planting Distance - As indicated below. See varietal information
- Spreading - 24-36 inches apart in ground; 2-3 plants per 12-inch or larger container.
- Compact - 12-24 inches apart in ground; 2-3 plants per 12-inch or larger container
- Vigorous - 24-36 inches apart in ground; 2-3 plants per 12-inch or larger container.
4. Mature Height/Spread - As indicated below. See varietal information
- Spreading - In ground: 36-48 inches tall with a similar spread; Container: 24-36 inches tall with a similar spread.
- Compact - In ground: 12-30 inches tall with a similar spread; Container: 12-30 inches tall with a similar spread.
- Vigorous - In ground: 36-48 inches tall with a similar spread; Container: 24-36 inches tall with a similar spread.
5. Bloom Time - Summer to frost.
6. Planting Instructions - As indicated below.
For container planting: Fill the container with soil to within 4 inches of the top. Dig a hole in soil to insert the lower part of the root ball. Remove plastic containers and loosen up roots that have encircled the growing pot. Place the plant in the hole and back fill to original soil line. Water well, and if necessary, adjust the plant so that it is upright. Add additional soil to bring the level back up to original soil line. Never insert the plant lower than the original top of the soil ball.
For in-ground planting: Dig a hole twice as wide and twice as deep as the pot in which your plant was grown. Please note that many of our pots are biodegradable. If your plant is not in a traditional plastic pot then you may place the entire biodegradable pot in the ground; otherwise, gently remove the root ball from the pot. Partially backfill the hole with soil and place the plant into the hole. The top of the root ball should be level with the ground surrounding the hole. Refill the hole with soil, firming the soil around the plant with your fingers. Check to be sure that the plant is not planted too deeply. If it is, raise the plant carefully and refirm the soil. Water thoroughly.
- 'Amethyst Glow': 12 to 30 inches tall and wide.
- 'Bright Lites': 12 to 30 inches tall and wide.
- 'Cherry Bomb': 12 to 30 inches tall and wide.
- 'Electric Orange': 12 to 30 inches tall and wide.
- 'Deep Rose': 12 to 18 inches tall and 12 to 36 inches wide.
- 'Lilac': 12 to 20 inches tall and wide.
- 'Carmine Red': 18 to 34 inches tall and 24 to 36 inches wide.
- 'Merlot Magic': 12 to 30 inches tall and wide.
- 'Neon Pink': 12 to 30 inches tall and wide.
- 'Pink Lightning': 12 to 30 inches tall and wide.
- 'Spreading Scarlet Red': 22 to 36 inches tall and 26 to 36 inches wide.
- 'Spreading Clear White:' 18 to 34 inches tall and 24 to 36 inches wide.
- 'Spreading Pink Flash': 16 to 30 inches tall and 22 to 32 inches wide.
- 'Tropical Orange': 22 to 36 inches tall and 26 to 36 inches wide.
Although these plants will perform well in average garden soils of all types, we recommend having your soil tested periodically by the local County Extension Office. These tests can determine if the soil needs any amendments to enhance your plants' growth and performance. See below for our recommended practice to improve your soil without any additional testing:
1. Spade or till the soil to a depth of 12-18 inches.
2. To provide nutrients and improve drainage, add organic matter to your soil by mixing in a 2 to 4-inch layer of dehydrated manure, garden compost, shredded leaves, and/or peat moss.
3. After active growth begins, periodically feed with Cottage Farms' water soluble Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster. Plants in containers need more frequent watering and feeding, especially when in active growth and bloom.
Water - Your plants require at least 1" of rainfall (or equivalent watering) each week when planted in the ground. Do not allow plants in containers to dry out. In a container that is exposed to full sun, water it well at least once every other day, and possibly every day, during periods of intense summer heat. You may wish to temporarily move containerized plants to an area where they are shielded from the hot summer sun (i.e. in the shade of a tree, on a porch near an overhang).
Mulching - Apply a 2-4 inch layer of shredded bark, compost or other organic mulch around your plants to promote moisture retention, maintain even soil temperatures, and to discourage weed growth.
Weeding - Keep the area around your plants free of weeds. Weeds compete with other plants for food, water and light. Walk around the garden periodically and pull weeds, including the roots, as soon as you see them.
Grooming - Clip off unsightly or dead growth to maintain good form and shape. Remove spent blossoms to promote additional blooming.
Feeding - Feed your plants once every 2-3 weeks during the growing season with a water-soluble fertilizer such as Cottage Farms' Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster.
Winterizing - None required. These plants are annuals and will not survive freezing temperatures. They should be discarded at the end of the season.
CAUTION: Not all plant material is edible. Though most plants are harmless, some contain toxic substances which can cause headaches, nausea, dizziness, or other discomforts. As a general rule, only known food products should be eaten. In case of ingestion, please contact your local poison control center at once and advise them of the plant ingested. Keep out of reach of children.