QUICK REFERENCE PLANTING GUIDE
1. Light/Sun Exposure - Full to partial sun (at least 6 hours of sun a day).
2. USDA Hardiness Zones - 3 to 10.
3. Planting Distance - 3 to 4 feet apart in ground.
4. Mature Height/Spread - 2 to 3 feet the first year with a similar spread. By the second year they will be dense 3 to 4 foot plants with a similar spread.
5. Bloom Time - As indicated below:
- Bare-root: Within 60 - 90 days after planting until frost. Thereafter, they will bloom yearly from early summer to frost.
- Potted: Many may be blooming in their pots upon arrival and thereafter will continue their annual display from summer until first fall frost.
6. Planting Instructions - As indicated below:
PLANTING BAREROOT ROSES:
Dig a hole 12 - 18 inches deep and equally as wide. Build a mound of soil in the bottom of the hole on which to place the roots. The rose plant should be positioned atop the mound so the bud union (a bulge on the stem of the rose plant indicating where the rose plant has been grafted onto the roots) is at ground level. SEE ILLUSTRATION BELOW.
Fill in or remove soil from the mound to achieve this. (In colder regions, the bud union may be planted 2 inches below ground level).
Fill the hole ½ full with soil, firm around the roots, and then fill the planting hole with water. After the water has soaked in, fill the remainder of the hole with soil and water again.
Mound soil over ¼ of the length of the canes and water one more time. (If not already pre-pruned, for best results, cut back all canes to 3-4" above the soil line). As buds begin emerging, gradually loosen the soil away from the canes to ground level.
PLANTING POTTED ROSES:
Dig a hole twice as wide and twice as deep as the pot in which your plant was grown. Please note that many of our pots are biodegradable. If your plant is not in a traditional plastic pot then you may place the entire biodegradable pot in the ground; otherwise, gently remove the rootball from the pot. Partially backfill the hole with soil and place the plant into the hole. The top of the root ball should be level with the ground surrounding the hole. Refill the hole with soil, firming the soil around the plant with your fingers. Check to be sure that the plant is not planted too deeply. If it is, raise the plant carefully and refirm the soil. Water thoroughly.
Although these plants will perform well in average garden soils of all types, we recommend having your soil tested periodically by the local County Extension Office. These tests can determine if the soil needs any amendments to enhance your plants' growth and performance. See below for our recommended practice to improve your soil without any additional testing:
1. Spade or till the soil to a depth of 12-18 inches.
2. To provide nutrients and improve drainage, add organic matter to your soil by mixing in a 2 to 4-inch layer of dehydrated manure, garden compost, shredded leaves, and/or peat moss.
3. After active growth begins, periodically feed with Cottage Farms' water soluble Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster for Roses. Plants in containers need more frequent watering and feeding, especially when in active growth and bloom.
Water - Your plants require 1" of rainfall (or equivalent watering) each week when planted in the ground. Do not allow plants in containers to dry out. In a container that is exposed to full sun, water it well at least once every other day, and possibly every day, during periods of intense summer heat. You may wish to temporarily move the containerized plants to an area where they are shielded from the hot summer sun (i.e., in the shade of a tree, on a porch near an overhang).
Roses are very sensitive to over-watering, especially in heavy, poorly drained soil. The best time to water roses is in the early morning. Try to avoid watering the foliage as this can cause fungus problems. If at all possible, only water around the base of the plants.
Cultivation - Roses like a loose soil surface so that water can penetrate easily to their roots. Cultivate just deeply enough to keep the soil loose and free of weeds. You may also amend the soil with the addition of organic material.
Mulching - Apply a 2-4 inch layer of shredded bark, compost or other organic mulch around your plants to promote moisture retention, maintain even soil temperatures, and to discourage weed growth.
Weeding - Keep the area around your plants free of weeds. Weeds compete with other plants for food, water and light. Walk around the garden periodically and pull weeds, including the roots, as soon as you see them.
Pruning - Pruning improves the size, quality, and color of blooms and maintains a healthy, happy plant for many years. Remove spent blossoms to promote additional blooming. Pinch or cut off the blooms when they have faded but leave as much foliage as possible. Keep the center of any bush open for air circulation by pruning off inner branches and any other canes that become overlapped, damaged or unsightly.
Feeding - Feed your plants once every 2-3 weeks during the growing season with a water-soluble fertilizer such as Cottage Farms' Carefree Bud-N-Flower Booster for Roses. Discontinue feeding after September 1st so your plants can harden off for winter dormancy. Resume fertilizing when new growth appears in the spring.
Winterizing - The time to protect your plants in the garden is after the ground has frozen. At that time, apply a winter mulch of evergreen boughs, straws or leaves to prevent lifting of the plant's roots during alternating periods of freezing and thawing.
For container planting, move plants next to your home's southern foundation for added warmth and protection. They may also be moved into an unheated, protected area such as a garage or cellar. If moved to a protected area be sure you water them well once every 7 to 10 days.
In spring, remove the mulch from in-ground plantings. Also, bring containerized plants back out into the garden sunlight where they will immediately begin to repeat their yearly garden performance.
CAUTION: Not all plant material is edible. Though most plants are harmless, some contain toxic substances which can cause headaches, nausea, dizziness, or other discomforts. As a general rule, only known food products should be eaten. In case of ingestion, please contact your local poison control center at once and advise them of the plant ingested. Keep out of reach of children.